Court orders Nigerian military to halt eviction of coastal communities

The interim injunction remains in force until a new hearing when the authorities can defend themselves.
A Nigeria naval personnel walks on the remains of demolished homes belonging to oil thieves at the Tarkwa Bay waterfront settlement in Lagos, on January 23, 2020. – The Nigerian navy personnel shot in the air on January 21, 2020, as they sought to clear a waterfront community of 10,000 people in the latest mass-eviction around economic hub Lagos.†Bulldozers rumbled into Tarkwa Bay, a semi-rural area on an island in the city of some 20 million, as part of an operation the military say is aimed officially at stopping the looting of nearby oil pipelines. (Photo by PIUS UTOMI EKPEI / AFP)

A Nigerian court sitting in Lagos has ordered the military to temporarily stop the eviction of residents in island settlements and other coastal communities pending the determination of a case against the government.

Navy personnel last week shot in the air and bulldozed houses as they cleared a community of some 10,000 people living in Tarkwa Bay, an island in the bustling megacity, an AFP report said.

The military said the operation was aimed at stopping the looting of nearby oil pipelines but residents complained they were being punished for the crimes of a small minority and given no notice of the eviction. 

Dozens of men, women and children from the Tarkwa Bay and Okun Ayo communities crowded the courtroom on Thursday as they launched their bid to end the clearances. 

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The judge on Thursday issued an interim injunction ordering the authorities to stop the demolitions of homes, businesses and community facilities or evicting any more inhabitants. 

It forbade the military and government from harassing people from the community “with shooting of guns, other violent attacks, threats of arrest or arrest”. 

The displaced residents celebrated the ruling and some pledged to return to their communities. 

“That is a huge victory for us, that we are going back to our community. We are very happy, because our students, our children, will be going back to school,” one resident Solomon said. 

“The government should try and give us back our homes that they demolished. We cannot afford to build another home.”

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The interim injunction remains in force until a new hearing when the authorities can defend themselves. Activists said they would look to prolong the court order. 

Lagos has in recent years seen repeated forcible evictions of poor communities living in prime locations, especially along the waterfront, as developers look to cash in by building high-end properties. 

Tarkwa Bay and Okun Ayo were the latest of some two dozen communities in the area that had received eviction orders as part of the broader operation by the navy, activists from the Nigerian Slum/Informal Settlement Federation said.

Tens of thousands of people have left their homes in surrounding districts since December 21 and their residences have been demolished, the organisation said. 

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Tarkwa Bay, which is accessible only by water, is one of the rare areas left largely undeveloped despite the breakneck pace of construction in one of Africa’s most populous cities. 

Oil pipelines that supply Lagos run along beaches on the Atlantic coast in the area that is a popular escape for day-trippers from the city.  


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