The Inter-African Coffee Organisation (IACO), International Coffee Organisation (ICO) and the Centre for Agriculture and Biosciences International (CABI) have jointly launched a $14.3 million intervention programme for Africa’s coffee sector.
The intervention, according to IACO, is designed as an emergency intervention programme to ease effects of the pandemic on the sector.
ICAO’s Secretary-General, Fred Kawuma, in a statement on Wednesday, said the intervention aims to alleviate market disruptions, food, nutrition and income security challenges facing millions of small-holder coffee farmers across 11 countries for an initial three-year period.
“This pandemic has dealt a major blow to the coffee economy. World prices were already bad for producers at the beginning of the year before COVID-19,’’ he said.
The outbreak worsened the downward trend in coffee price to the disadvantage of vulnerable small-holder producers.
The ICO projects a loss of exports valued between $100 million and $200 million, potentially affecting 6.6 million jobs in the coffee sector, particularly in the East Africa region.
It said COVID-19 has revealed the critical weakness of the agricultural systems in Africa and particularly the growing concern of its coffee value chain.
According to IACO, the risk posed by COVID-19 on Africa’s agricultural sector remains critical, given that the sector accounts for 23 per cent of the continent’s gross domestic product, with food and agricultural exports averaging between $35 billion and $40 billion annually.
Out of this, agricultural products, including coffee and food worth $8 billion flow through intra-regional trade every year, according to a McKinsey report calling for the need to safeguard Africa’s food systems against the pandemic.
The organisations say the programme adds to support systems and agricultural practices that will ensure sustainable intensification of small-holder coffee farming systems.
The support will be in a manner that ensures income security devoid of the price shocks in the international markets, guarantee food and nutrition security of the small-holder coffee systems.
It will also promote the creation of entrepreneurial jobs beyond farming, both in the rural and urban areas.
Activities along the entire value chains across the continent have been disrupted, leading to stockpiling of coffee at farm levels, reduced price to growers, reduced domestic consumption due to closures of coffee roasting units, cessation of movements and meetings, as well as the closure of distribution outlets.
Denis Seudieu, Chief Economist of the ICO, said the programme will focus on building a system where coffee small-holders are enabled to earn living incomes by systematically incorporating high-value nutritious crops that provide income during coffee off-seasons.
“It will consequently ensure that producing countries remain food secure amid reduced food imports due to COVID-19 and mitigate any future disruptions,’’ Seudieu said.
The organisations said the resilience created will make operators eligible for loan financing requests and the ability to consolidate their investments, thus creating business for the banks.
“In addition to ensuring income, food and nutrition security, the proposed complementary crops will form the basis for developing rural-based small and medium enterprises in aggregation, grading, packaging and distribution of coffee and produce from the associated crops,’’ CABI Regional Director, Morris Akiri said.
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