West African leaders (ECOWAS) have agreed at an emergency summit Thursday to impose gradual sanctions on Guinea’s junta over its inflexibility on setting a date to return to civilian rule.
The leaders from the Economic Community of West African States—minus those of Guinea, Mali and Burkina Faso, suspended due to coups—met in New York where they were attending the UN General Assembly.
A summary of the meeting said that the leaders agreed on “gradual sanctions” on a list of people linked to the Guinean junta who will be identified “very soon” by the bloc’s leadership.
Poor but mineral-rich Guinea has been ruled by the military since a coup in September 2021 that ousted president Alpha Conde, in power since 2010.
In a statement, Gomou said Embalo, who is also president of Guinea-Bissau, was an “overexcited” man who “forced his way in” to the ECOWAS presidency.
The prime minister also pointed to the two countries’ geographical closeness and blood ties, but warned “no political upstart, let alone a badly briefed opportunist, will lead us to destroy this precious heritage.”
During a visit to Guinea, Embalo had said he had secured an agreement with the junta to give way to elected civilians after two years.
Three years in power before a return to civilian rule is “unacceptable for ECOWAS,” Embalo said on Wednesday.
Embalo warned in the interview that if the junta maintained that timetable, there would be sanctions—“heavy sanctions, even.”
The West Africa bloc has been struggling with a string of military coups in the region in the past two years.
Mali underwent coups in August 2020 and May 2021, followed by Guinea in September 2021 and Burkina Faso in January.
ECOWAS has lifted tough sanctions that had been imposed on Mali’s military regime, accepting a March 2024 return to civilian rule.
But Mali and Guinea remain suspended from ECOWAS bodies.
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