Egypt revealed Saturday a rare trove of 30 ancient wooden coffins that have been well-preserved over millennia in the archaeologically rich Valley of the Kings in Luxor.
The antiquities ministry officially unveiled the discovery made at Asasif, a necropolis on the west bank of the Nile River, at a press conference against the backdrop of the Hatshepsut Temple.
“This is the first discovery in Asasif by dedicated Egyptian hands, comprised of archaeologists, conservationists and workers,” the head of the Supreme Council of Antiquities, Mostafa al-Waziri, told reporters.
The 30 ornately decorated coffins of men, women and children were found only a metre (three feet) underground, stacked in two rows. They are believed to belong to family members of high priests.
Waziri explained that excavations of the site in the 19th century had revealed royal tombs, but this latest discovery had yielded a collection of priests’ burials.
The sarcophagi dates back to the 22nd Dynasty, founded around 3,000 years ago in the 10th century BC.
Despite their age, black, green, red and yellow paintings of snakes, birds, lotus flowers and hieroglyphics that cover the coffins are still clearly visible.
A sealed coffin belonging to a young ancient Egyptian child was incomplete and unpainted.
“We only did remedial first-aid on these well-preserved coffins. They are considered to be in great condition because there were hardly any settlements” around the site, local antiquities ministry restorer Saleh Abdel-Gelil told AFP.
Tombs and tourism
Discoveries of ancient Egyptian relics had slowed after the 2011 Arab Spring revolution that toppled long-time autocrat Hosni Mubarak and plunged the country in political turmoil, according to Antiquities Minister Khaled el-Enany.
Several high-level officials, including President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi, have in recent weeks affirmed Egypt’s stability following rare, small-scale protests in September that drew a heavy-handed response from security forces.
“Now in Egypt we have more security so we have more foreign nationals. We have more than 250 (archaeological) missions. More work equals more discoveries”, he told AFP on the sidelines of the press conference.
At Marsam, a boutique hotel in Luxor, the flurry of archaeological discoveries in recent years has translated into good business and foot traffic.
“You can say two years ago we noticed a difference. There was less than half the people that we have today,” said Birte Fuchs, a German who manages the Marsam with her husband and local partners. “Tourism is coming back”.
This year, over 11 million visitors travelled to Egypt, following a sharp dip in numbers after the revolution.
Egypt has sought to promote its archaeological heritage and finds in a bid to revive its vital tourism sector, which has suffered due to political insecurity and terror attacks.
However, critics point to archaeological sites and museums suffering from negligence and poor management.
But Enany, the minister, remains upbeat.
“Some people, we don’t have to mention names, don’t want us to have these discoveries… that impress the world,” said Enany before throngs of tourists, referring to detractors.
“These discoveries are priceless for Egypt’s reputation,” he added.
Sporting his trademark cowboy hat, Egyptologist Zahi Hawass, who has consistently promoted his discoveries to a global audience, was also at Saturday’s unveiling.
He took selfies with tourists who flocked to the coffins.
South African Airways cancels flights ahead of strike
Around 3,000 South African Airways workers are expected to take part in the open-ended strike starting Friday
South African Airways (SAA) said Wednesday it was cancelling all its flights as thousands of workers vowed to press ahead with an indefinite strike the following day after the troubled national carrier announced a major retrenchment plan.
Around 3,000 workers, including cabin crew, check-in, ticket sales, technical and ground staff, are expected to take part in the open-ended strike starting Friday, their unions said.
The looming shutdown forced SAA to announce in a late-night statement on Wednesday that it “has cancelled nearly all its domestic, regional and international flights scheduled for Friday, November 15 and Saturday, November 16”.
“The airline’s key objective is to minimise the impact of disruptions for its customers,” it said.
Unions earlier Wednesday vowed their members would forge ahead with the strike, which the state-owned airline warned could collapse the embattled carrier.
“We are embarking on the mother of all strikes,” Zazi Nsibanyoni-Mugambi, president of the South African Cabin Crew Association (SACCA) told a news conference in Johannesburg.
“We are grounding that airline on Friday,” said Irvin Jim, general secretary of the National Union of Metalworkers of South Africa (NUMSA).
The unions are pressing for a three-year guarantee of job security and an eight per cent across-the-board wage hike.
‘Mother of all strikes’ –
Pilots — who are not taking part in the strike – have accepted a 5.9-per cent increase, they said.
The airline had announced on Monday a restructuring process that could affect 944 employees and “lead to job losses”.
The airline, which employs more than 5,000 workers, is one of the biggest in Africa, with a fleet of more than 50 aircraft providing dozens of domestic, regional and European flights each day.
But the company is deep in debt, despite several government bailouts, and has not recorded a profit since 2011.
The unions blamed the SAA board and executive management for the airline’s crisis.
“They have deliberately destroyed what used to be one of the world’s best airlines, because of maladministration, rampant looting and corruption,” they said in a statement.
SAA Chief Executive Officer Zuks Ramasia warned that the strike would “exacerbate rather than ameliorate our problem” and urged the unions to make affordable demands.
“The unions and all employees should be mindful of the current financial constraints the company is facing,” she said in a statement.
She said the unions were aware that the airline’s financial woes were “caused by a number of factors, including a severely distressed global airline industry.”
This, she argued, had resulted in “numerous airlines retrenching staff, embarking on cost-reduction programmes, implementing wage freezes, reducing operations, or even closing down.”
The airline has been surviving off government bailouts. Finance Minister Tito Mboweni announced in February that the government would reimburse the company’s 9.2-billion-rand ($620-million) debt over the next three years.
South Africa is struggling to get its state-owned companies back on track after nine years of corruption and mismanagement under former president Jacob Zuma.
Analyst Daniel Silke warned in a tweet that the planned strike “may kill an airline already on its knees affecting the jobs of thousands more.”
Former Spanish garrison becomes tourist magnet
In the heart of Western Sahara, a former garrison town has become an unlikely tourist magnet after kitesurfers discovered the windswept desert coast was perfect for their sport.
In Dakhla, an Atlantic seaport town punctuated with military buildings in Morocco-administered Western Sahara, swarms of kitesurfers now sail in the lagoon daily.
“Here there is nothing other than sun, wind and waves. We turned the adversity of the elements to our advantage: that’s the very principle of kitesurfing,” said Rachid Roussafi.
After an international career in windsurfing and kitesurfing, Roussafi founded the first tourist camp at the lagoon at the start of the 2000s.
“At the time, a single flight a week landed in Dakhla,” the 49-year-old Moroccan said.
Today, there are 25 a week, including direct flights to Europe.
“Dakhla has become a world destination for kitesurfing,” said Mohamed Cherif, a regional politician.
Tourist numbers have jumped from 25,000 in 2010 to 100,000 today, he said, adding they hoped to reach 200,000 annual visitors.
The former Spanish garrison is booming today with the visitor influx adding to fishing and trade revenue.
Kitesurfing requires pricey gear — including a board, harness and kite — and the niche tourism spot attracts well-off visitors of all nationalities.
Peyo Camillade came from France “to extend the summer season”, with a week’s holiday costing about 1,500 euros ($1,660).
Only the names of certain sites, like PK 25 (kilometre point 25), ruined forts in the dunes and the imposing and still in-use military buildings in Dakhla, remind tourists of the region’s history of conflict.
In the 1970s, Morocco annexed Western Sahara, a former Spanish colony, and fought a war with the Algeria-backed Polisario Front from 1975 to 1991, when a ceasefire deal was agreed.
Without waiting for the political compromise that the UN has been negotiating for decades, hotels have sprouted from the sand along the coast, and rows of streetlights on vacant lots announce future subdivisions.
‘Good communication’ –
“The secret to success is to develop kitesurfing with good communication focused on the organisation of non-political events,” said Driss Senoussi, head of the Dakhla Attitude hotel group.
Accordingly, the exploits of kitesurfing champions like Brazilian Mikaili Sol and the Cape Verdian Airton Cozzolino were widely shared online during the World Kiteboarding Championships in Dakhla last month.
The competition seemed to hold little interest for Dakhla’s inhabitants however.
Only a few young people with nothing to do and strolling families found themselves on the beach for the finals.
Just as rare are the foreign tourists who venture into the town of 100,000 residents to shop.
Like her friends, Alexandra Paterek prefers to stay at her hotel, some 30 kilometres (19 miles) from downtown.
“Here is the best place in the world for learning kitesurfing,” said the 31-year-old Polish stewardess.
On her understanding of the broader regional context, she said: “It’s an old Spanish colony and they have good seafood, for sure.”
Like many tourists, she was under the impression that the area belonged to Morocco, as the destination tends to be marketed in the travel industry as “Dakhla, Morocco”.
That angers the Polisario, which wants independence for the disputed region and tried last year in vain to sue businesses it said were “accomplices to the occupying military power.”
The independence movement is now focused on challenging commercial deals between Morocco and the European Union that involve Western Sahara, according to the group’s French lawyer Gilles Devers.
Moroccan authorities are looking actively for investors for their development projects on the west coast, the most ambitious being the Dakhla Atlantique megaport with a budget of about $1 billion to promote fishing.
Environmental concerns –
On the lagoon, surrounded by white sand and with its holiday bungalows, “there is a struggle between developing aquaculture and tourism,” said a senior regional representative, who spoke on condition of anonymity.
“One has less impact on the environment, but the other generates more revenue and jobs,” said the representative, adding that “pressure from real-estate investors is very high.”
With the influx of tourists, the protection of the environment has become a major concern.
“Everything is developing so quickly… we need to recycle plastic waste and resolve the issue of wastewater,” said Rachid Roussafi.
Daniel Bellocq, a retired French doctor, worries for the future of this lagoon, that was “once so wild” that he has kitesurfed in for 20 years.
“There is green algae that weren’t there before, it’s becoming a septic tank,” he said.
Regional councillor Cherif, though, insists the bay is clean, saying: “All the hotels are equipped with wastewater management systems.”
For him, the real threat is from plastic waste, whether it is dropped by tourists or brought by sea currents.
South Africans protest against Burna Boy’s performance at the Africans Unite Concerts
A group known as Tshwane Collective registered their displeasure with Burna Boy’s participation in the 2-day concert.
There might just be a problem with Burna Boy’s attendance at the Africans Unite Concert scheduled to hold in South Africa on 23 and 24 November. The group known as Tshwane Collective has on Tuesday registered their displeasure with Burna Boy’s participation in the 2-day concert. Tshwane Collective, a group formed by some South African musicians, sent a petition to South Africa’s Minister of Arts and Culture, protesting the inclusion of Burna Boy in two concerts to be held on the 23rd and 24th of November respectively.
Read also: Burna Boy confirms show in South Africa
“Whoever may have deemed that the country needs a PR exercise of this nature would have done so largely as a result of the callous, misleading and unwarranted incitement by this very artist. Not only did he spread falsehoods through his extensive platform, he literally incited violence and hate. He further promised to inflict his own violence on locals before giving your government an ultimatum which you seem to have received and succumbed to”.
Recall that Burna Boy had in September, taken to his Twitter account to urge black foreigners in South Africa to protect and defend themselves against the incessant xenophobic attacks going on in the country at that time. In an obvious heat of anger, Burna Boy also criticized and threatened to beat up South African rapper AKA for the later’s xenophobic comments against black foreigners. The African giant wrapped it up with a firm promise to never visit South Africa until the government woke up to put an end to the frequent xenophobic attacks.
Ironically, Burna Boy had already pledged to donate part of the proceeds he would make from the concert to the victims of the xenophobic attacks in South Africa. This, the Afrobeat singer disclosed via a tweet that says:
“The first of many! Part of the proceeds will be donated to the victims of Xenophobic attacks by me! I really hope we can all keep contributing in our own way to make the world a better and safer place for each other. # Africansunite, it’s bigger than all of us”
The South African government should not continue to treat these frequent xenophobic attacks and its tendencies, such as the one currently exhibited by Tshwane Collective with kids glove. Actions like this can easily degenerate to uncontrollable violence hence the need to be nipped in the bud. Things like this portray South Africa as the hub of remorseless emotions. Burna Boy may have gone overboard with words but we all know the circumstances that necessitated such outburst. Africans were murdered by their fellow Africans in cold blood. Their only offence was being black and living in a country that was not theirs! Burna Boy’s countrymen were among the worst hit. No one could have reasonably expected him to keep quiet, especially, as a core Afrocentric musician of International acclaim he is.
As one of the top African Economies, South Africa undoubtedly occupies a top position in Africa. She should always act in ways that are befitting of such a position. Enough of the government’s tolerance to the issues of hate and discrimination in the country.
The Africans Unite Concerts is a response to the recent xenophobic attacks in South Africa. The Concert is organised by Nigeria’s Play Network Africain in partnership with Phambili Media, South Africa and the Department of Arts and Culture. Burna Boy, Kwesta and Jidenna are expected to grace the occasion with their performances. The Concert will hold at Hillcrest Quarry in Cape Town and Sun ArenaTime Square in Pretoria on 23 and 24 November respectively.
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