Dozens of activists linked to the Hirak protest movement that rocked northern Morocco in 2016 and 2017 had prison sentences of up to 20 years upheld by a court of appeal on Friday.
The ruling against the 42 protesters in the western city of Casablanca was met with cries of “corrupt state” from relatives.
The Al-Hirak al-Shaabi, or “Popular Movement”, protests took hold in the country’s marginalised Rif region in October 2016.
The social unrest was sparked by the death of a fisherman and escalated into a wave of demonstrations demanding more development in the neglected region and railing against corruption and unemployment.
Authorities accused the activists of having separatist aims.
The sentences were first handed down in June last year, prompting further demonstrations calling for the group’s release, backed by human rights organisation such as Amnesty and Human Rights Watch.
“There is no hope… this trial has been unfair since the start and that is how it has ended,” said defence lawyer Souad Brahma.
The movement’s leader Nasser Zefzafi and three others received prison terms of 20 years for threatening the security of the state.
Other sentences also confirmed on appeal ranged from one to 15 years. Eleven others were pardoned last year by King Mohammed VI.
Journalist Hamid el Mahdaoui was sentenced to three years for failing to tell police he had been offered weapons during the protests — what he called an “imaginary crime”.
“It’s an injustice,” his wife told AFP.
Zefzafi, 39, emerged as the face of the movement as a result of his rallying speeches, accusing the authorities of corruption.
Amnesty International has said the activist was held in solitary confinement and subjected to “conditions tantamount to torture”.
He boycotted the appeal proceedings along with 37 other defendants, after denouncing the first case as a “political trial”.
In response to criticism, the Moroccan authorities have insisted the judicial process has followed international standards.
The 2016 and 2017 protests led to clashes between police and demonstrators, leaving people injured on both sides.
More than 600 security forces personnel were wounded and seven million dirhams ($730,000) of damage caused, according to Moroccan authorities.
Around 450 people were arrested.
“It’s the politics of fear, that has been operating for some time already, telling everyone who has demands that it’s better to stay quiet,” said left-wing politician Nabila Mounib of Friday’s ruling.
Defence lawyer Mohamed Aghennaj suggested the defendants could appeal the decision.
Tripoli airport recaptured by Libyan pro-unity government
The operation to retake the country’s largest civilian airport began Wednesday morning, with drones providing air cover, Mohamad Gnounou, spokesman for forces backing the Government of National Accord said in a statement.
Armed forces backing Libya’s unity government have recaptured Tripoli international airport after heavy fighting with rival troops supporting strongman Khalifa Haftar, a spokesman announced Wednesday.
“Our forces have fully liberated Tripoli International Airport,” said Mohamad Gnounou, spokesman for forces backing the Government of National Accord in a statement.
The airport, in a strategic area on the capital’s southern edges, has been closed since 2014 and had been seized by pro-Haftar forces last year.
Forces loyal to the east Libyan strongman have been battling since April 2019 to seize Tripoli from the UN-recognised GNA, in fighting that has left hundreds dead and forced 200,000 to flee their homes.
Pro-GNA forces “are chasing Haftar’s militias, who are fleeing (southwards) towards Gasr Ben Gashir”, Gnounou said.
The operation to retake the country’s largest civilian airport began Wednesday morning, with drones providing air cover, Gnounou added.
For the past two weeks, pro-GNA forces have been carrying out large-scale ground and air attacks, surrounding the airport area before the final assault on Wednesday, he said.
Pro-Haftar forces have not commented on the setback, but the loss of the airport follows a string of defeats for Haftar in recent weeks, an AFP report said.
GNA forces buoyed by Turkish drones and air defence systems have taken back a string of coastal towns and a key airbase Haftar had used to launch attacks.
While the GNA is backed by Turkey, Haftar is supported by neighbouring Egypt and the United Arab Emirates as well as Russia.
Libya has been mired in conflict since the 2011 uprising that toppled and killed longtime dictator Moamer Kadhafi, with two rival administrations and scores of militias struggling for power.
Tunisia to reopen borders, airspace on June 27
Tunisian Prime Minister, Elyes Fakhfakh also said Tunisian nationals abroad will be repatriated from June 4.
Tunisian Prime Minister, Elyes Fakhfakh has announced that the country will reopen its land, air and sea borders from June 27.
He also said Tunisian nationals abroad will be repatriated from June 4.
Fakhfakh made the announcement after a meeting with the national commission to combat coronavirus on Monday.
Tunisia has reported 1,084 confirmed coronavirus cases so far, a Xinxua news agency report said.
The North African country has received support from various countries including China.
On April 16, China donated a batch of medical aid to Tunisia’s Ministry of National Defense, including facemasks, test kits and medical protective googles.
Algeria recalls its ambassador in France for airing films on protests
Algeria’s interior ministry said films including two broadcast on Tuesday, while “seemingly spontaneous and under the pretext of freedom of expression, are in fact attacks on the Algerian people and its institutions” including the army.
Algeria plans to “immediately” recall its ambassador from France for consultations after documentaries about the North African country’s anti-government protest movement were aired on French public television, officials said Wednesday.
The interior ministry said the films including two broadcasts on Tuesday, while “seemingly spontaneous and under the pretext of freedom of expression, are in fact attacks on the Algerian people and its institutions” including the army.
Citing the “recurrent character” of such programmes on French public TV, it singled out two documentaries broadcast on Tuesday by France 5 and the former colonial power’s Parliamentary Channel.
Unprecedented mass protests rocked Algeria early last year to demand the departure of veteran president Abdelaziz Bouteflika, sparked by the ailing 82-year-old’s announcement that he would stand for a fifth term.
In April 2019 he resigned, and in December, President Abdelmadjid Tebboune was elected on an official turnout of less than 40 percent. Analysts say participation was considerably lower.
Mass protests against the ruling system only halted when the novel coronavirus arrived in Algeria earlier this year.
Despite the movement suspending demonstrations since mid-March, a crackdown has continued against regime opponents and independent media.
– ‘Malicious and lasting intentions’ –
The films cited by the Algerian ministry had sparked fierce debates on social media.
“Algeria, my love”, aired by France 5, told the story of the Hirak protest movement through the eyes of five Algerians in their 20s from across the country.
Directed by French journalist of Algerian origin Mustapha Kessous, it broke with a number of taboos and highlighted sociocultural divisions driving the movement, triggering heated discussion on social networks.
The second film, “Algeria: the Promises of the Dawn” was broadcast on France’s Parliamentary Channel.
In its statement, the Algerian ministry cited what it said were “malicious and lasting intentions on the part of certain circles, which do not wish to see peaceful relations between Algeria and France after 58 years of independence”.
France Televisions, which owns France 5, declined to comment on the Algerian announcement on Wednesday evening.
France and Algeria have often had tense ties since Algeria won independence in 1962 after eight years of war.
In early April, the French ambassador to Algeria, Xavier Driencourt, was summoned to the foreign ministry after statements on the France 24 satellite news channel about Chinese medical aid.
Earlier in the year, Tebboune had called for “mutual respect” in Franco-Algerian relations, saying his country “will not accept any interference or tutelage” from abroad.
He was referring to statements made by French President Emmanuel Macron early on in the Hirak protest movement, calling for “a transition of reasonable duration” — remarks seen by Algiers as “interference” in its internal affairs.
In recent weeks, the Algerian government has repeatedly blamed “foreign” NGOs for influencing Algerian media outlets aiming to damage state institutions.
Last month, authorities blocked three news websites that had covered the protests.
Algeria ranks 146 out of 180 countries on RSF’s world press freedom index for 2020.