Connect with us

Environment

Namibia is Africa’s most prepared country on energy transition – WEF

Published

on

Namibia is the best performing African country to make a successful energy transition. This is contained in the World Economic Forum’s Energy Transition Index 2020 released on Wednesday, May 13.

The report summarizes insights from the “Energy Transition Index” (ETI), which builds upon the previous series of “Global Energy Architecture Performance Index” by adding a forward looking element of country readiness for energy transition.

According to the Fostering Effective Energy Transition report, Nambia has an ETI score of 53,6%, system performance of 54% and transition readiness stands at 53%.
Ghana follows with 53.2% ETI, system performance of 59% and transition readiness of 47%.

The index ranks South Africa 106 out of 115 countries, improving nine places over the past 12 months. The countries are benchmarked on the performance of their energy systems and their readiness for transition to secure, sustainable, affordable and inclusive systems.
Kenya is 79th and rated 54% prepared to make the switch while Zambia and Botswana are ranked 98th and 99th respectively.

Nigeria is the least prepared African country, ranking 113th, one place above Cameroon. Nigeria, the continent’s largest economy, is 35% prepared to make the transition while Cameroon which the report ranks 114th is 42% ready.

In the report, the WEF also warned that the coronavirus pandemic risks cancelling out recent progress in transitioning to clean energy, with unprecedented falls in demand, price volatility and pressure to quickly mitigate socioeconomic costs placing the near-term trajectory of the transition in doubt.
According to the report, economic development and growth dimension of energy transition is currently being challenged by the cascading effects of Covid-19.
Sweden (1) leads the ETI for the third consecutive year, followed by Switzerland (2) and Finland (3). France (8) and United Kingdom (7) are the only G20 countries in the top 10.
Meanwhile, the trend has been moderately positive in Germany (20), Japan (22) and South Korea (48) and Russia (80).
On the other hand, scores for Canada (28), Chile (29), Lebanon (114), Malaysia (38), and Turkey (67) have declined since 2015. The United States ranks outside the top 25% for the first time, primarily due to the uncertain regulatory outlook for energy transition.

Conservation News

Ghana and Switzerland Sign Historic Pact for Climate Action

Under the agreement, the National Clean Energy Access Programme (NCEP) will be implemented. It is expected to lead to the transfer of mitigation outcomes to Switzerland in exchange for financial resources and the extension of Swiss technical expertise as a demonstration of the scalability of Ghana’s conditional mitigation commitments.

Published

on

The government of Ghana and Switzerland has signed a bilateral pact as a framework for the implementation of Article Six (6) of the Paris Agreement on Climate Change.

After two years of negotiations between the two countries, the signing of the framework agreement marks the first of its kind in Africa, and second in the World. The new partnership will enable the adoption of green and low carbon technology solutions across the country resulting in social and environmentally beneficial outcomes.

With this Agreement, Ghana will receive funding from the Swiss side for sustainable development projects.  Switzerland will take carbon credits from the Ghanaian side for the emission cuts to meet her climate commitments without compromising Ghana’s effort to achieve her own climate actions.

The negotiations between technical teams of Ghana and Switzerland was further boosted by a Memorandum of Understanding signed in Bern between Ghana and Switzerland during the State visit to Switzerland by President Nana Addo Dankwa Akufo-Addo in February, 2020.

​Read also: https://newscentral.africa/rwanda-to-create-green-energy-bank/

UNDP Administrator Achim Steiner stated, “We are proud to have been able to facilitate the dialogue between Switzerland and Ghana, build trust in the process on both sides and offer our technical support in the implementation…”

Article six (6) of the Paris Agreement on carbon markets is an innovative voluntary instrument available to countries to mobilise finance and catalyse private sector investments for the implementation of nationally determined contributions.

Steiner further explains “…We hope this bilateral agreement will enable Ghana’s national clean energy access programme (NCEP) to fulfil its objectives by abating up to 2 million tonnes of greenhouse gas emissions, providing energy access to millions and head towards a green recovery.”

Read also: https://newscentral.africa/experts-kenya-global-emission-challenge/

In his speech, the President of Ghana H.E Nana Addo Dankwa Akufo-Addo represented by the Minister of Foreign Affairs, Shirley Ayorkor Botchway called on the private sector of both countries to consider “this bilateral cooperation as a step to further strengthen collaboration between Swiss and Ghanaian companies to identify commercially viable and sustainable development projects over the next decade”.  

​In formulating this agreement both parties have highlighted practical ways of operationalising the envisioned architecture of Article 6 of the Paris Agreement.

Credit: wri.org

Read also:https://newscentral.africa/fossil-fuel-human-cost-powering-africa/

Under the agreement, the National Clean Energy Access Programme (NCEP) will be implemented. It is expected to lead to the transfer of mitigation outcomes to Switzerland in exchange for financial resources and the extension of Swiss technical expertise as a demonstration of the scalability of Ghana’s conditional mitigation commitments.

Continue Reading

East Africa News

Record-Setting Cyclone Gati Hits Somalia

It’s the first recorded instance of a hurricane-strength hitting the country with sustained winds of around 105 mph. Gati is much more intense than the previous strongest storm to hit Somalia.

Published

on

The strongest tropical cyclone ever measured in the northern Indian Ocean, tropical Cyclone Gati arrived in Somalia, East Africa on Sunday.  

It’s the first recorded instance of a hurricane-strength hitting the country with sustained winds of around 105 mph. Gati is much more intense than the previous strongest storm to hit Somalia. 

In 2018, tropical Cyclone Sagar crashed into northern Somalia near the Djibouti border with winds of around 60 mph and heavy rain.

Climate experts with the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s Physical Sciences Laboratory say that Gati is the strongest tropical cyclone that has been recorded in the region.   

They added that its escalation from about 40 mph to 115 mph was the largest 12-hour increase on record for a tropical cyclone in the Indian Ocean. The storms usually form then begin to move west towards the Arabian Peninsula and the Horn of Africa. This runs into another force field with devastating tendencies around coastal terrains.  

The storms are leading to a lot more rain. The attendant effect of climate change is causing spikes in ocean temperatures and a moister atmosphere. These are major triggers for tropical cyclones.   

Although Northern Somalia gets about 4 inches of rain per year on the average, projections show that Gati could bring 8 inches over the next two days — “two years’ worth of rainfall in just two days,” an observer adds. 

A United Nations alert warned the storm posed an immediate threat to the marine shipping lane that links Somalia and the Gulf states.

Threats of heavy rain and flash flooding may hit regions like Socotra, Somalia, Yemen, and western Oman from Sunday night into Monday and potentially Tuesday.

SBC Somali TV reports eight people have died in the storm, several others wounded including five fishermen from Yemen.

Reports show that streets and houses in Hurdiya and Bosaso have been flooded. Several buildings in the eastern Somalia town Hafun are equally affected with dozens of people being evacuated.

Continue Reading

Environment

Cocoa Regulators May Suspend Companies Sustainability Schemes

In a conference on behalf of Ghana and its west African player Cote d’Ivoire, Joseph Baohen Aidoo, chief executive of Ghanaian regulator Cocobod said cocoa and chocolate companies in West Africa were upsetting the government’s effort at combating farmer poverty.

Published

on

The World Cocoa Foundation through Ghana’s cocoa regulator (Cocobod) has threatened to suspend the sustainability schemes used by major cocoa and chocolate companies. The system assures consumers that the beans they use are sustainably and ethically sourced.

In a conference on behalf of Ghana and its west African player Cote d’Ivoire, Joseph Baohen Aidoo, chief executive of Ghanaian regulator Cocobod said cocoa and chocolate companies in West Africa were upsetting the government’s effort at combating farmer poverty.

Consequently, their sustainability schemes, which allow companies such as Barry Callebaut and Nestle to charge consumers a premium for chocolate certified as sustainably sourced, might be suspended.

Ghana and Cote d’Ivoire, which together account for two-thirds of the world’s cocoa, introduced a living income differential (LID) last year on all 2020/21 cocoa sales and said the proceeds would be used to raise the income of cocoa farmers who earn an average of $1 per day.

Aidoo explains that “Any brand that is seen not to be serious in accepting the LID by mid-December 2020 must consider all its cocoa beans from Ghana and Cote d’Ivoire as conventional. We are prepared to name and shame these brands,”

Barry Callebaut, Hershey, Mars, and Nestle restated their financial commitment to efforts by Ghana and Cote d’Ivoire to fight farmer poverty.

Related: Ivory Coast President Ouattara Honours Ghana’s Cocobod CEO

World’s biggest food company, Nestle said it is paying the surcharge when buying its “normal volume of cocoa purchases” from Ghana and Cote d’Ivoire. It added that it was one of the first to pay the LID when it was introduced.

Chocolate makers Barry Callebaut and Mars also said they were paying the surcharge, but did not specify volumes. Hershey said it pays the LID when buying 2020/21 cocoa based on the needs of its business.

Both countries have struggled to sell forward their 2020/21 cocoa crop since introducing the LID, in large part because the coronavirus-induced recession lowered demand for non-staple foods like chocolate.

Aidoo also urged cocoa farmers at Wassa Amenfi in the Western South region to enrol on the Cocoa Management System (CMS) being spearheaded by the Board to improve operations within the cocoa sector.

The CMS Project was launched to capture accurate data on cocoa farmers in Ghana to facilitate and enhance planning in the cocoa sub-sector.

He inducted an eleven-member executive team of the Wassa Amenfi Cocoa Farmer’s Cooperative Union at Wassa Akrapong. It is made up of over 800 registered cooperatives.

Continue Reading

Trending