US not withdrawing entire troops from Africa, Defence Secretary

WASHINGTON, UNITED STATES – JANUARY 27: U.S Secretary of Defense Mark Esper and Defence Minister of France Florence Parly hold a media briefing at Pentagon in Washington, United States on January 27, 2020. Yasin Ozturk / Anadolu Agency

Fears that the United States may withdraw all its troops from Africa are unfounded, U.S. Defense Secretary Mark Esper said on Thursday. 

Esper said the United States would not be removing all its forces from Africa, as he carries out a global troop review meant to free up more resources to address challenges from China’s military.

“We are not going to totally withdraw forces from Africa… I know that is the concern of many folks, but again I would say that no decisions have been made yet, this is a process,” Esper was quoted in a Reuters report. 

Esper is spearheading the review. The U.S. currently has around 6,000 military personnel in Africa, and the possibility of cuts has alarmed France, which relies on U.S. intelligence and logistics for its 4,500-strong mission in the Sahel.

The deaths of 13 French soldiers in a helicopter crash during a combat mission in Mali in November increased France’s determination to secure more support in the zone.

During a visit to the Pentagon this week, French Defense Minister Florence Parly said she warned Esper that joint counterterrorism efforts in West Africa would be harmed by cuts to U.S. military assistance.

In a congressional hearing on Thursday, the head of U.S. Africa Command said withdrawing support from France in Sahel precipitously would mean that efforts against militant groups would “not go in a good direction.”

General Stephen Townsend said he believed the review being undertaken by Esper could reduce the number of tasks that U.S. forces in Africa need to carry out.

This month, Somalia’s al Shabaab militant group killed three Americans – one U.S. military service member and two contractors – during an attack on a military base in Kenya used by U.S. and Kenyan forces.

Townsend said the forces were inadequately prepared for the attack and the military was looking into why that was the case.

He added that intelligence suggested Iranian and Iranian-backed forces were looking at opportunities to strike back at the United States after the killing of Iranian General Qassem Soleimani and one of those places could be in Africa.

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