New rules for contactless payments have been published by the Central Bank of Nigeria, CBN, capping the daily aggregate transaction limit via the channel at 50,000 Naira and the single transaction limit at 15,000 Naira.
This was stated in a memo sent on Tuesday to all banks, financial institutions, and payment service providers and signed by Musa Jimoh, director of the CBN Payments and Systems Management Department.
Higher value contactless payments that exceed the limitations “shall require appropriate verification authorisation,” the circular states. Existing KYC guidelines and restrictions on electronic payment methods will apply to these transactions. Limits that are higher than this prescribed daily cumulative limit must be set using contact-based technology.
The guideline stated that “banks shall determine appropriate transaction and daily cumulative limits for contactless payments from time to time. Stakeholders shall be permitted to set limits in line with the bank’s limits.
“Contactless payment transactions below stipulated limits per transaction/day, may not require customers’ authorisation (such as Personal Identification Number [PIN], token, biometrics, etc.). Higher-value contactless payments shall require customer verification such as PIN, mobile code, biometric identifier, etc.
“Stakeholders shall implement a risk-based approach to setting volume and transaction limits. The risks attached to a customer will be based on KYC due diligence carried out during the customer onboarding process.
“Stakeholders shall provide customers with a choice to specify limits for the value of transactions that they would perform and such limits shall not be higher than the maximum limits specified from time to time. Customers who wish to perform transactions above the maximum limit should request in writing to the bank and provide indemnity that reflects the risks involved. The bank shall approve, subject to its internal risk management policies.”
The apex bank noted that it had released the guidelines in furtherance of its mandate to ensure the safety and stability of the Nigerian Financial System, promote a resilient and stable payments system, the CBN, pursuant to the provisions of Section 2(d) of the CBN Act 2007, and its power to make regulations for banks and other financial institutions entrenched in Section 56(2) of the Banks and Other Financial Institutions Act (BOFIA) 2020, hereby issues this Guidelines for Contactless Payments in Nigeria.
Contactless technology enables an alternative payment method whereby payment instruments are used without physical contact with devices. Contactless technology in payments provides easy, convenient, and efficient cashless options for users.