Eight years on from the Arab Spring Tunisia looks back

Ahead of Sunday’s presidential runoff vote, here is a recap of key developments in Tunisia since its 2011 revolution.
TUNIS, TUNISIA – JANUARY 14: Supporters of Nahda Movement attend a rally marking the eighth anniversary of “Arab Spring” at Habib Burgiba Street in the capital Tunis on January 14, 2019. Yassine Gaidi / Anadolu Agency

Ahead of Sunday’s presidential runoff vote, here is a recap of key developments in Tunisia since its 2011 revolution.

President flees 

Demonstrations erupt in central Tunisia in December 2010 after the self-immolation of a fruit seller protesting police harassment and unemployment.

After weeks of unrest in which 338 people are killed, dictator Zine El Abidine Ben Ali flees in January 2011, ending 23 years in power. 

He is the first leader to be toppled by the Arab Spring, which spreads through the region like wildfire.

Read Also: Tunisia prepares for Arab League Summit with high hopes

 Victory for Islamists 

In October 2011, Tunisia’s first free election sees Islamist group Ennahda win 89 of 217 seats in a new constituent assembly. 

The assembly elects former opposition leader Moncef Marzouki as president in December. Hamadi Jebali, Ennahda’s number two, is charged with forming a government.


In April 2012, police clash with thousands of jobless protesters in the southwestern mining belt.

Your Friends Also Read:  Uganda Pays First Tranche of Reparations To DRC

More violent demonstrations follow in June and August, and jihadists stage attacks.

In September, hundreds of demonstrators attack the US embassy, in protest at an online US-made film that mocked Islam.

A series of strikes and demonstrations affect industry, public services, transport and business, with unrest mostly in the economically marginalised interior.

Opposition leaders killed 

In February 2013, prominent leftist opposition leader Chokri Belaid was assassinated in Tunis, four month later In July, fellow leftist Mohamed Brahmi is also shot dead.

Islamic State (IS) group claim both killings.

Democratic transition 

In January 2014, a new constitution is adopted, a year later than planned. A government of technocrats is formed and Islamists withdraw from power. In October, the secular Nidaa Tounes party led by Beji Caid Essebsi comes top in parliamentary polls and forms a coalition with Ennahda. Two months later, Essebsi wins Tunisia’s first free presidential election.

String of attacks 

In 2015, Tunisia suffers three attacks claimed by IS militants.

Your Friends Also Read:  Highlights of the 2022 American Music Awards

The attacks left 72 dead, mostly foreign tourists and security personnel, including at the Bardo Museum in Tunis and a coastal resort.

In 2016, jihadists attack security installations in a town on the Libyan border, killing 13 members of the security services and seven civilians.

Fresh protests 

In January 2016, a new wave of protests erupted after the death of a young unemployed man in a demonstration.

In May, the International Monetary Fund green lights a new four-year loan of $2.9 billion.

In January 2018, protests erupt after an austerity budget takes effect.

Political instability 

Essebsi in September announces the end of his party’s alliance with Ennahda, which had been part of a unity government since 2016. In July 2019, the ailing Essebsi dies aged 92, months before the end of his term.

In August a newcomer to the political arena who is running for president in elections set for the following month, Nabil Karoui, is arrested on charges of money laundering.

Your Friends Also Read:  Uganda, Total Sign Oil Pipeline Agreement

He nonetheless comes second in the first round of the vote in September, with nearly 16 percent behind independent law professor Kais Saied who has 18 percent.

In legislative elections on October 6, Ennahda takes the most seats — 52 out of 217 — but far short of the 109 needed to govern.

In a further twist, Karoui is released from jail on October 9, days ahead of the presidential runoff vote.

All rights reserved. This material, and other digital content on this website, may not be reproduced, published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed in whole or in part without prior express written permission from News Central TV.

Contact: digital@newscentral.ng


Leave a Reply

Previous Article
Ineos 1:59 Challenge: Kenya's Kipchoge says ready to "break the two-hour barrier"

Ineos 1:59 Challenge: Kenya's Kipchoge says ready to "break the two-hour barrier"

Next Article
Sudanese Muslim cleric slams new women's football league

Sudanese Muslim cleric slams new women's football league

Related Posts
Dell to Cut Nearly 6,000 Jobs Due to Uncertain Market Future (News central TV)
Read More

Dell to Cut Nearly 6,000 Jobs Due to Uncertain Market Future

Dell Technologies Inc. is laying off around 6,650 workers, or 5% of its global workforce, as it deals with a dip in the personal computer industry and prepares for a possible recession. Dell’s move on Monday aligns it with a slew of U.S. corporations, from Goldman Sachs Group Inc to Alphabet Inc, that have let off thousands of workers this year to weather a demand slump caused by high inflation and increasing interest rates. Dell had already implemented cost-cutting measures such as a hiring freeze and travel restrictions as it…