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#EndSARS: Nigeria Sets Up Judicial Panel To Investigate Allegations Of Police Brutality8 minutes read

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Nigeria’s government has ordered the setting up of judicial panels in all the 36 states to investigate allegations of police brutality.

The panels will receive and investigate complaints of police brutality, including those linked to the disbanded Special Anti-Robbery Squad, known as Sars.

The panels will also investigate incidents of police using excessive force against protesters since demonstrations started last week.

This was part of the resolution of the National Executive Council (NEC) which is headed by Vice President Yemi Osinbajo and includes all state governors and some ministers as members.

The NEC “directed the immediate establishment of State-based Judicial Panels of Inquiry across the country to receive and investigate complaints of police brutality or related extra-judicial killings with a view to delivering justice for all victims of the dissolved SARS and other police units.

“The council specifically resolved that state governors and the FCT Minister should take charge of interface and contact with the protesters in their respective domains,” the NEC said in a statement by Mr Osinbajo’s spokesperson, Laolu Akande.

“The council also directed that state governors should immediately establish a state-based Special Security and Human Rights Committee to be chaired by the governors in their states, to supervise the newly formed police tactical units and all other security agencies located in the state.”

This is in addition to an independent panel of investigation to be set up by Nigeria’s National Human Rights Commission.

Thousands of Nigerians have been protesting in major cities against police brutality.

Rights groups including Human Rights Watch and Amnesty International have condemned the use of force against demonstrators during the initial days of the protests.

They have called for police reforms and the prosecution of those responsible for brutality.

Amnesty said some 10 people were killed in the protests and hundreds injured.

The governor of Lagos state said police officers who allegedly opened fire on protesters there have been arrested and are being tried. But the demonstrators appear unsatisfied.

Read Mr Akande’s full statement below.
STATE HOUSE PRESS RELEASE
OFFICE OF THE VICE PRESIDENT

NEC TO GOVS: TAKE CHARGE OF POLICE TACTICAL UNITS

*JUDICIAL PANELS OF INQUIRY FORMED TO INVESTIGATE POLICE BRUTALITY IN ALL STATES, FCT
*PANELS HAVE 6 MONTHS TO COMPLETE ASSIGNMENT
*COUNCIL ALSO DIRECTS SPECIAL FUND IN ALL STATES TO COMPENSATE VICTIMS OF BRUTALITY

Rising from its monthly meeting, the National Economic Council has directed the immediate establishment of State-based Judicial Panels of Inquiry across the country to receive and investigate complaints of police brutality or related extra-judicial killings with a view to delivering justice for all victims of the dissolved SARS and other police units.

The Council specifically resolved that state governors and the FCT Minister should take charge of interface and contact with the protesters in their respective domains.

At a meeting presided over by Vice President Yemi Osinbajo and attended by state governors, the Judicial Panels which would be set up in all the states would include representatives of Youths, Students, Civil Society Organizations and would be chaired by a respected retired State High Court Judge.

The Council also directed that state governors should immediately establish a state-based Special Security and Human Rights Committee to be chaired by the governors in their states, to supervise the newly formed police tactical units and all other security agencies located in the state.

The idea of the Special Security and Human Rights Committee in all states of the federation and the FCT is to ensure that police formations and other security agencies in the state consistently protect the human rights of citizens.

Members of the Special Committee would also include representatives of youths and civil society. The head of police tactical units in each of the states would also be a member of the committee.

Regarding the Judicial Panel of Inquiry, each state government is to set up the panel, chaired by a retired High Court Judge, with other members selected by the state governor as follows:ADVERTISEMENT

*Two representatives of Civil Society groups
*One Retired Police Officer of high repute
*One Youth Representative
*One Student Representative
*One Representative of the State Attorney-General and a representative from the National Human Rights Commission.

The terms of reference for the Judicial Panel is to –

*receive and investigate complaints of Police brutality or related extra-judicial killings;
*evaluate evidence presented/other surrounding circumstances, and draw conclusions as to the validity of the complaints; and
*recommend compensation and other remedial measures, where appropriate.

The panel’s assignment should be concluded within a maximum of six (6) months, unless it shows convincing reasons why the state governor should allow an extension.

There would also be Human Rights Public Complaints Team of between 2 to 3 persons to receive complaints on an ongoing basis. That team would be established by the Special Committee on Security and Human Rights.

It was resolved that each state government shall also set up such a Complaints Office to which members of the public can relate by telephone or social media channels.

It shall be the duty of the officers of the Complaints Office to liaise with the leadership of security agencies, attempt resolution of complaints or otherwise guide the complainants.

Also, NEC directs all state governors to immediately establish a Victims Fund to enable the payment of monetary compensation to deserving victims.

OTHER HIGHLIGHTS OF TODAY’S NEC MEETING:

Council also received update on Nigeria’s COVID-19 response efforts from the Director General of the Nigerian Centre for Disease Control (NCDC), Chikwe Ihekweazu.

According to the report, states performance in testing in the last month showed that states testing in September compared to August recorded decline in 18 states and improved testing in 19 others.

The NCDC DG also listed priority intervention areas as, strengthening States’ Health Security Architecture (Strong State Epidemiology team, Functional EOC, Functional Molecular Lab, Defined Treatment Centre, Response Vehicles, Communication equipment, Resources to deploy) and the establishment and sustenance of sample collection sites.

UPDATE ON ACCOUNT BALANCES

The Honourable Minister of State for Budget and National Planning reported to Council that the under listed accounts as at 14th October, 2020 are as follows:

a. Excess Crude Account -$72,409,346.76

b. Stabilization Account -N47,193,630,556.96

c. Development of Natural Resources Account -N154,330,148,020.34

PRESENTATION ON STRATEGY FOR GROWTH OF MICRO, SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISES (MSMEs) AND JOB CREATION BY MINISTER OF INDUSTRY, TRADE AND INVESTMENT

Council received a presentation from the Ministry of Industry, Trade and Investment titled Strategy for Growth of Micro, small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) and Job Creation.

The objective of the presentation is to bring NEC up to speed on the Ministry’s Term Goals and Projects and seek NEC’s support in the resolution of key challenges to achieving our goals.

The presentation noted that part of the mandate of FMITI is to accelerate the growth of the industrial sector and enhance productivity and boost the development of MSMEs as engine of economic growth, etc.

Council was invited to:
Establish land banks in each state earmarked for investment in agriculture and agro –processing;

Ensure fair compensation for land, standardize and ensure clarity in compensation rates in each state;
Adapt the 2015 approved list of taxes and levies;

Set up an investment promotion agency/one-stop shop for investment-related issues including facilitating investment linkages.

MSMEs Council should be set up in each State. These Councils should build a database of the resident MSMEs which can be used to facilitate the integration of local MSMEs into the supply chains of large resident corporate.

PRESENTATION ON THE 2021-2023 MEDIUM-TERM EXPENDITURE FRAMEWORK AND 2021 FGN BUDGET PROPOSAL BY THE HONORABLE MINISTER OF STATE FOR BUDGET & NATIONAL PLANNING

According to the presentation, disruptions in the macroeconomic environment caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, necessitated Mr. President’s presentation of a revised 2020 budget on 28th May, 2020, which was signed into law on 10th July, 2020.

▪ The Federal Executive Council (FEC) approved the revised 2021-23 Medium Term Expenditure Framework & Fiscal Strategy Paper (MTEF/FSP), as well as the 2021 FGN Budget, on the 30th of September, 2020.

▪ In response to the developments affecting the supply of foreign exchange to the economy, the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) adjusted the official exchange rate to N360/US$1, and more recently to N379/US$1.

▪ The projected aggregate revenue inflow into the Federation Account (Main Pool) is N6.77 trillion, while N1.70 trillion is the projected inflow in the VAT Pool Account.

▪ Out of the Main Pool Account, FGN is projected to get N3.54 trillion while States and Local Governments are projected to get N1.80 trillion and N1.39 trillion, respectively.

▪ From the VAT Pool Account, FGN is projected to get N255.46 billion while States and Local Governments are projected to get N851.52 billion and N596.07 billion, respectively.

CONCLUSION

▪ Several measures are being instituted to improve government revenue and entrench a regime of prudence with emphasis on achieving value for money. The goal of fiscal interventions will be to keep the economy active through carefully calibrated regulatory/policy measures designed to boost domestic value-addition, de-risk the enterprise environment, attract external investment and sources of funding, etc.

Laolu Akande
Senior Special Assistant to the President on Media & Publicity
Office of the Vice President
15th October 2020

Politics

Inconsistencies In Guinea’s Presidential Election Results Worrisome – US

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The US has expressed concern over “inconsistencies” in preliminary results of Guinea’s presidential election.

In a statement, the US embassy spoke of a “lack of transparency in vote tabulations and inconsistencies between the announced results and tally sheets results from polling stations”.

Guinea’s 82-year-old leader Alpha Condé won a controversial third term in office, according to preliminary results, amid violent protests across the country.

The US has urged all parties to peacefully resolve electoral disputes through established institutions. It said it supported diplomatic efforts by the West African regional bloc, Ecowas, the African Unions and the UN.

The main opposition leader, Cellou Dalein Diallo, had declared himself winner and was prevented from leaving his house until Wednesday when he said the security officers outside his home had been withdrawn.

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Tanzania Election: Mwinyi Becomes 8th President of Zanzibar

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The ruling Chama Cha Mapinduzi (CCM) party’s presidential candidate in Zanzibar, Hussein Mwinyi, has won the presidency of the semi-autonomous state, beating 14 other candidates.

Mwinyi polled 76.27 per cent of the vote which was equivalent to 380,402 votes.

His rival Maalim Seif Sharif of the Alliance for Change and Transparency (ACT) was arrested while trying to vote on Tuesday before being released hours later.

Mr Mwinyi is the son of Ali Hassan Mwinyi who served as the second President of the United Republic of Tanzania from 1985 to 1995.

Zanzibar has a history of contested polls, including in 2015 when they were annulled for not being free and fair. The opposition boycotted the re-run and the CCM party’s candidate was declared the winner.

Ali Mohammed Shein is now stepping down after serving two five-year terms in office.

Zanzibar had 566,352 registered voters with 498,786 turning up at the polling stations on Wednesday October 28, a number that was equivalent to 88.07 per cent.

Mwinyi becomes the eighth President of Zanzibar since the revolution in 1964.

He has called on all the other contestants to come together to build one Zanzibar because as citizens they will need each other to build a prosperous Zanzibar.

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Politics

Senegal’s President Sall Dissolves Government

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Macky Sall - Re-elected President of Senegal

Senegalese President Macky Sall has dissolved his 32-strong government team with immediate effect.

Sall signed a decree to terminate the functions of all ministers and state secretaries, the presidency said in a statement late on Wednesday.

Presidential spokesman, Abdou Latif Coulibaly said Sall had signed a decree to that effect but gave neither a reason for the move nor a date for the formation of a new cabinet.

In separate decrees, he also dismissed the president of the economic, social and environmental council, the minister of state and the secretary-general of the government.

Extending his clearing of the decks further, Sall also dismissed another former prime minister Aminata Toure from her post as chair of the country’s economic, social and environmental council (CESE).

Toure, a former justice minister, is believed to harbour presidential ambitions.

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