Nigeria Banks Reduce Customer Loans By 17% As CBN’s Supply Declines

Nigeria Banks Reduce Customer Loans By 17% As CBN’s Money Supply Declines (News Central TV)
FILE PHOTO: Nigeria’s Central Bank Governor Godwin Emefiele speaks during the monthly Monetary Policy Committee meeting in Abuja, Nigeria May 22, 2018. REUTERS/Afolabi Sotunde/File Photo

Nigerian banks for the first time in three years reduced consumer loans by 17 per cent (N400 billion), in one month, following a decline in money supply triggered by the inflation-fighting measures of the Central Bank of Nigeria, CBN. 

Note that consumer loans are lending by banks to one or more individuals for household, family, or other personal expenditures.

Consumer loans have been rising in Nigeria since September 2019 when the CBN introduced the minimum loan-to-deposit ratio (LDR) policy which stipulates that banks must  give out  65 per cent of their total deposits as  loans. As a result, consumer loans rose steadily by 93 per cent to N2.33 trillion in May 2022 from N1.21 trillion at the end of June 2019.

Details from CBN show that at the third year anniversary of the product in June 2022, the volume dropped  by 17 per cent, month-on-month, to N1.93 trillion from N2.33 trillion in May 2022. 

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Analysis of the data further showed that during the month, banks slashed personal loans to customers by 19 per cent, MoM to N1.45 trillion from N1.79 trillion in May. The banks also slashed retail loans by 13 per cent, MoM to N483 billion from N554.8 billion. 

As a result of this development, Consumer loans recorded the first quarterly decline in the second quarter of 2022. According to the data Consumer loans fell in Q2’22 by 15.2 per cent, quarter-on-quarter, QoQ, to N1.93 trillion from N2.28 trillion in the first quarter of the year, Q1’22. 

Following the same trend, the share of consumer credit in total private sector credit shrank by 2.1 percentage points to 7.2 per cent, from 9.4 per cent in Q1’22.

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The decline in consumer loans in June was triggered by the decision of the CBN’s Monetary Policy Committee, MPC, on May 24th  2022 to tighten money supply in a bid to curb the continued increase in the prices of goods and services which triggered a persistent rise in the inflation rate. 

Hence, the MPC on May 24th raised the Monetary Policy Rate, MPR, which is the benchmark for interest rates in the country, by 150 basis points to 13 per cent from 11 per cent. 

Since then the CBN has further raised the MPR by 250 basis points to 15.5 per cent while it also tightened money supply by raising the Cash Reserve Ratio, CRR of banks to 32.5 per cent from 27.5 per cent, following continued rise in the inflation rate which rose to 20.77 per cent in September. 

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