The Travelling classroom bridging the digital divide in Benin

“The idea isn’t to make computer scientists, but just to make children want to use digital technology.”
This picture taken on January 18, 2019 shows the interior of the BloLab container at Avrankou city hall, in Avrankou, south of Benin. – Designed by BloLab, a non-profit group, the 13-metre (43-foot) trailer is powered by 12 solar panels and equipped with enough laptops to give students in the countryside a chance to familiarise themselves with computers, which most families cannot afford. Indeed, Benin’s internet penetration rate is just 42.2 percent, the Regulatory Authority for Electronic and Postal Communication said in a report published last year. (Photo by Yanick Folly / AFP)

School was out, but on an afternoon in rural Benin, 11-year-old Ambroise rushed to a tree-shaded parking lot, his day’s learning not yet done.

Parked beneath the cola trees was a lorry trailer loaded with computers — the kind of technology that few students in the West African country had ever seen, much less touched.

Designed by BloLab, a non-profit group based in Benin’s largest city Cotonou, the 13-metre (43-foot) trailer is powered by 12 solar panels and equipped with enough laptops to give rural students a chance to familiarise themselves with computers, which most families cannot afford.

Schoolchildren from Avrankou-Houeze school attend a training in the BloLab container at Avrankou city hall, in Avrankou, south of Benin. Photo by Yanick Folly / AFP)

“When the teacher told us that we’d start having computer class again, I quickly finished my work because I was so happy,” said Ambroise, from eastern Benin’s Avrankou district.

In his class of 48, only four pupils had even touched a computer before. Ambroise had used one at a photocopy shop, while the other three had a sibling who owned one.

In Benin, the digital divide is not just a concept but a reality, said BloLab founder Medard Agbayazon.

“In the towns, many people have technology, there are cybercafes. But in villages it is rare to find a computer or a smartphone,” he told AFP.

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Benin’s internet penetration rate is just 42.2 percent, the Regulatory Authority for Electronic and Postal Communication said in a report last year.

Schoolchildren from Avrankou-Houeze school attend a BloLab training in a container with the founder of this non-profit group Medard Agbayazon at Avrankou city hall, in Avrankou, south of Benin. (Photo by Yanick Folly / AFP)

Among these, almost everyone (96 percent) used a mobile phone for accessing the web.

These are the conditions which spawned the idea for a mobile classroom furnished with desks as well as fans to ward off the tropical heat.

BloLab pays to rent a cab to two the trailer, which was donated by Swiss-based charity African Puzzle.

The classroom, which has visited two communities since last August, stays in one place for a month at a time, providing five two-hour computer skills classes per week, free of charge.

It is a drop in the ocean for Avrankou, which has a population of 128,000 scattered around 59 villages served by 88 primary schools.

“The idea isn’t to make computer scientists, but just to make children want to use digital technology. It’s a tool that can solve real problems in everyday life,” Agbayazon said.

As one group of pupils practises using a word processor on the trailer’s laptops, another works in a corner of the town hall, learning to build computers in jerrycans with recycled components from obsolete machines or donated by businesses and charities in Cotonou.

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Schoolchildren from Avrankou-Houeze school enter the BloLab container to attend a training, at Avrankou city hall, in Avrankou, south of Benin, on January 18, 2019. – Designed by BloLab, a non-profit group, the 13-metre (43-foot) trailer is powered by 12 solar panels and equipped with enough laptops to give students in the countryside a chance to familiarise themselves with computers, which most families cannot afford. (Photo by Yanick Folly / AFP)

The students are already familiar with terms like “motherboard”, “hard drive”, and “power supply” from a previous lesson.

One of two trainers, Raoul Letchede, shows the kids the components they will use to assemble a makeshift computer in a 25-litre (6.6-gallon) yellow plastic container.

These home-fashioned machines must be hooked up to a computer screen to work.

“This lesson familiarises them with the inside of a computer, demystifies how it works, and shows them that they can make their own even without much money,” Letchede said.

One rule of the mobile classroom is that all the software used must be free to the public.

“We have to promote this practice because we don’t have the money here to buy the licences,” said Agbayazon. “We don’t want to encourage children to hack.”

The approach impressed local official Apollinaire Oussou Lio on a recent visit to the class.

“This is an opportunity to no longer be a slave to software from the big multinationals,” Lio said, adding he would himself like to be more computer savvy.

Schoolchildren from Avrankou-Houeze school attend a training in the BloLab container at Avrankou city hall, in Avrankou, south of Benin. (Photo by Yanick Folly / AFP)

“I’d also like to be trained,” he said, citing a wish to learn to use geo-location to better preserve the surrounding forests.

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Teacher Guillaume Gnonlonfoun is happy for his students. The school where he works has no computer, and he himself first used one at university.

Many of Gnonlonfoun’s colleagues have never used a PC, and the BloLab class is open to them as well.

“These days, nothing can be done without digital technology,” he told AFP. 

“So that we don’t end up being the illiterates of this millennium, it is essential that we have equipment.”

But until real computers arrive in the community, pupils and teachers will have no option but to build their own.


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